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Testicular Cancer - Frequently Asked Questions

Overview | Causes | Diagnosis | Treatment | FAQ

How can I prevent testicular cancer?

Just as women perform monthly self-breast examinations, all men should perform monthly self-testicular examinations. The best time to perform the examination is while taking a warm shower. Using both hands, one should examine each testicle with the thumbs in front and the first two fingers behind the testicle. While feeling for any lumps or bumps, the testicle should be rolled between the fingers and thumb.

In general, the testicle feels like a hard-boiled egg without the shell. When lumps or bumps are discovered, a physician, preferably a urologist, should be consulted at once. The greatest chance of prevention is early detection and treatment.

I have persistent discomfort in my testes during the day, particularly after sitting. Should I be concerned about cancer?

Testicular cancer is all too common in young men and returns as a risk after your 40s. If you experience persistent discomfort, see a doctor to rule out the possibility of cancer. As long as you've been completing monthly self-exams, and no lumps or hard spots have developed, that probably isn't your problem.

A variety of difficulties can lead to pain in one or both testes. Your doctor may check for hernia as well as cancer, hernia can cause similar symptoms.

If you experience pain mostly when you ejaculate, one of two problems is likely. An infection either in the testes or the epididymis is a possibility. Mumps can infect the testes and in some cases lead to infertility. Additionally, sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia can infect the epididymis.

Even though many men who complain of testicular pain are offered a simple course of antibiotics as treatment, infections are not that common. If the pain is in both testes, and a course of antibiotics don't seem to be help, resist trying another course of a different antibiotic. If pain is felt in both testicles, it's rarely infection or a hernia.

A general discomfort in both testicles may be caused by muscle spasms. The majority of men do not realize how many muscles there are in the area of the testes. If the symptoms disappear with a hot bath this is a sign of muscle spasms. Regular baths along with medication to relax the muscles will probably be helpful, and wearing a jock strap will offer support. A non-cancer diagnosis will also do a world of good for your ability to relax.